The Buddhist Councils

Aziatische Kunst

The Buddhist Councils

The Buddhist Councils

Buddhist Council that were held at the different centuries has changed the course of Buddhism and has impacted on the different tradition of Buddhism such as early Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism.

Buddhist Councils are the some of the important that changes the flow of Buddhism . After Lord Buddha attained Parinirvana in Kushinagar , India, many Seniors monks such as Mahakassyapaand Upali were concerned about the lessons, preachings of Dharma and discipline of all Buddhist monks . The first Historical Buddhist council was believed to be held in the 5th Century CE (the date may change whatsoever), and was led by Ven. Mahakassyapa .

Buddhist Councils held in different millennium have changes the course of Buddhism that have led to the present Buddhism. One of the most important changes that occurred during the early Buddhist council was the formation of two of the oldest Buddhist tradition , Mahayana , and Theravada Buddhist Schools . The history of early Buddhist schools shows many changes in Buddhism like the translation of many original Buddha's sutras and teachings. As the time goes on, many Buddhist Councils were held in the course of time and there are 4 most important Buddhist Councils that changes the flow of Buddhism.

FIRST BUDDHIST COUNCIL

The First Buddhist Council was held right after the death of Lord Buddha in Kushingara . After theParinirvana of Gautama Buddha, many senior monks held meeting to discuss how to teach and manage Buddha's Teachings . The First Buddhist Council is considered as the turning point inBuddhism since the meeting First Buddhist Council decides how the Buddhism is taught still to present time.

The First Buddhist Council was held at the entrance of Sattapanni Cave, Rajargaha (Known as Rajgir in Present time) and known as the Council of Rajargaha . Even though the exact date is not known but it is believed that it was held in the time around 4th or 5th Century CE . According to Buddhist history, the council was called by Ven. Mahakasyapa with the consent of Ven. Upali , one of the senior monksof the order of Sangha . After the death of Lord Buddha , one of the monks, Subhadda said that "Now we can do what we like" .

After hearing such words from the monks, Mahakasyapa held the meeting to maintain the discipline of the ordained monks and how to record and translate all the Buddha's teachings . In this council, Ven. Ananda was asked to preach the teachings of Buddha or Dharma teachings since he was the closest of Lord Buddha and have amazing memory power. But before asking Ananda , another interesting event took place. Ven. Ananda hadn't yet attained Nirvana after the death of Lord Buddha . So before the meeting of First Buddhist Council, Ven. Ananda started meditating and later in the same night attained Enlightenment while he was sleeping. In this Council, Ven. Ananda and senior monk Ven. Upali preached on Vinaya and Sutta-Pitaka after the preaching made by Ven. Ananda was accepted by all the 500 monks who attended the Council.

SECOND BUDDHIST COUNCIL

Second Buddhist Council

The second Buddhist Council was held after the 100 years of Lord Buddha's death . It was believed to be held in 386 CE and was held at Vaishali , an ancient city of India . The main purposes ofSecond Buddhist Council were to discuss the Buddhist practices and norms of Buddhism.

According to Buddhist history , senior monk named Yasa noticed some bad practices by some local monks and called the Buddhist Council in order to discuss the matters of Buddhist practices . It was also held in order to discuss whether the monks can handle money for the benefits of all monks and order of Sangha . Some historians called first Buddhist Council held at Pataliputra as the second Second Buddhist Council or some called it the first Third Buddhist Council .

Known as the second Second Buddhist Council , Buddhist Council Pataliputra was held during the time of 3rd Century CE. The main purpose of this Buddhist Council was to discuss the matter of " Great Schism ". This Great Schism was between the two early Buddhist Schools like Early Theravada Buddhism and early Mahayana Buddhism.

THIRD BUDDHIST COUNCIL

The Third Buddhist Council or Buddhist Council: Pataliputra II was held during the time of Great Emperor Ashoka 's time ( 250 BCE ) and was held at Pataliputra . According to the Theravada Buddhism , this Buddhist council was held by the order of Emperor Ashoka in order to discuss the matter of increasing the influence of Buddhism in more than south-east Asia .

It is said that third Buddhist Council was held under the leadership of senior monk Moggaliputta Tissa. As a result of this Buddhist council , Ashoka sends the Buddhist missionaries to teach theBuddha's teachings and teachings to various places like Gandhara, Kashmir and Sri Lanka and many other places. But the missions was succeeded only in Gandhara, Kashmir, and Sri Lanka.

FOURTH BUDDHIST COUNCIL

When the Fourth Buddhist Council was held, Buddhism was taught in many versions like Mahayana , Tibetan , Theravada , and many other traditions. The Fourth Buddhist Council was held under the Theravada traditions and was held in Tambapani of Sri Lanka during the time of First Century BCE . It is said that Fourth Buddhist Council was held under the leadership of King Kanishka . It is also believed that only a few Sarvastivada Buddhist monks were present in Fourth Buddhist Council .

After the Fourth Buddhist Council was held, the number of other small Buddhist Council was held under the leadership of Theravada Buddhist Monks and was known by Theravada Buddhist Council (Fifth and Sixth).

Deel deze pagina

View our statues in our catalog

Oud Thais bronzen Boeddhahoofd

Oud Thais bronzen Boeddhahoofd

375 euro
Oude Nepalese gekroonde Boeddha

Oude Nepalese gekroonde Boeddha

550 euro
Antieke houten Birmese Shan Boeddha

Antieke houten Birmese Shan Boeddha

600 euro
Oud groot marmeren Boeddhabeeld

Oud groot marmeren Boeddhabeeld

4250 euro
Oude Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

Oude Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

275 euro
Antieke Birmese Boeddha

Antieke Birmese Boeddha

1950 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

875 euro
12e eeuws Bagan Tablet

12e eeuws Bagan Tablet

300 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

4950 euro
Antieke houten Birmese Boeddha

Antieke houten Birmese Boeddha

325 euro
Antieke houten Laotiaanse Boeddha

Antieke houten Laotiaanse Boeddha

1950 euro
Zeer bijzondere Birmese bronzen Boeddha

Zeer bijzondere Birmese bronzen Boeddha

Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

200 euro
Antieke Thaise Rattanakosin Boeddha

Antieke Thaise Rattanakosin Boeddha

1350 euro
Antieke Thaise houten Boeddha

Antieke Thaise houten Boeddha

1250 euro
Hoge kwaliteit Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

Hoge kwaliteit Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

1600 euro
Antieke houten Thaise Boeddha

Antieke houten Thaise Boeddha

225 euro
Oud Birmees bronzen Boeddhabeeld

Oud Birmees bronzen Boeddhabeeld

2900 euro
Groot bronzen Avalokiteshvara beeld

Groot bronzen Avalokiteshvara beeld

6500 euro
Nieuw gemaakte Nepalese Maitreya Boeddha

Nieuw gemaakte Nepalese Maitreya Boeddha

750 euro
Antieke houten Laotiaanse Boeddha

Antieke houten Laotiaanse Boeddha

1250 euro
Antieke bronze Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke bronze Mandalay Boeddha

1750 euro
Antieke Birmese houten Boeddha

Antieke Birmese houten Boeddha

250 euro
Antieke bronzen Chiang Saen Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Chiang Saen Boeddha

3750 euro
Nieuw gemaakt Nepalese Boeddhabeeld

Nieuw gemaakt Nepalese Boeddhabeeld

850 euro
Antieke houten Thaise Boeddha

Antieke houten Thaise Boeddha

175 euro
Antieke bronzen Laotiaanse Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Laotiaanse Boeddha

4250 euro
Antiek lacquerware Boeddhabeeld

Antiek lacquerware Boeddhabeeld

150 euro
Bijzondere antieke bronzen Shan Boeddha

Bijzondere antieke bronzen Shan Boeddha

Antieke houten Laos Boeddha

Antieke houten Laos Boeddha

2500 euro
arrow-right keyboard_arrow_right arrow-down keyboard_arrow_down arrow-left keyboard_arrow_left close menu search twitter facebook youtube-play linkedin envelope instagram google-plus pinterest whatsapp heart-o Wensenlijst share file-pdf-o printer trash