Bamiyan, the destroying of the Buddha statues of Bam - Bamiyan - Afghanistan

Aziatische Kunst

The Buddhas of Bamiyan

bamiyan-afghanistan
The destroyed Buddha statues of Bamiyan - Afghanistan

One of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, Bamyan ( The Place of Shining of Light ) is located in the central highland of Afghanistan. This largest province in Hazarat region is divided in six districts. Bamiyan is a home for various famous historical and cultural sites. Some of them are Band-e Amir National park, Dara-i-Ajhdar, Gholghola, the ancient towns Zakhak, Gaohargin, and the statues of standing Buddha which was destroyed in 2001.

Statues of Buddhas

“To the northeast of the royal city there is a mountain, on the declivity of which placed a stone figure of Buddha , erect in height of 140 or 150 feet. Its golden hues sparkle on every side, and its precious ornaments dazzle the eyes by their brightness.”
Quoted in the journals of Hiuen Tsiang

Dated as one of the oldest Buddha statues in the history of the world, this two 6th century monumental statues is situated in the Bamyan Valley in Afghanistan at an altitude of 2500 meters. There are two standing Buddha Statues carved in the cliff which are dated back to 6th century, the smaller statue was built in 504 A.D and the bigger one was built in 554 A.D. Those two statues were the first of many colossal images of Buddha appeared throughout the world.

The site was listed as World Heritage site by UNESCO which also includes the archeological remains of Bamyan Valley and surrounding cultural landscape. In recent news, the heritage experts are increasingly trying of reassemble at least one of the standing Buddha.

Architecture

destruction-of-buddhas-bamiyan

These two standing Buddha Statues shows the cosmopolitan nature of Buddhist art and is greatly influenced by Greco-Buddhist art . They are built in quite different style in every respect. The smaller Buddha Statue is a typical Gandharan Buddha figure of 2nd or 3rd C.E. The construction of smaller statues was very interesting since only the facial feature and other voluminous folds were molded in plaster of mud and straw and the body was basically carved in the stone body. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Hiuen Tsiang reached the kingdom of Bamiyan in A.D. 632 and praised the statue since this figure was completely covered in gold leaf and metal ornaments and state that the statue was built from metal. The bigger standing statue of Buddha was a complete replica of a Late Gandharan Buddha type.

Attacks on Buddha Statue

Bamyan has always been the target for various attacks from 11th century to 20th century. In 1221, Bamyan got attacked by Great conqueror Genghis khan. Though the statues remain undamaged, various attacks on the statues were attempted by Mughal Emperor and Persian King Nader Afshar.
In March 2001, initially anti-aircraft guns and artillery were fired towards the statues, causing severe damage to the statues. After that, the Buddhas received additional damage by anti-tank mines placed by the Taliban. And the statues were finally destroyed by the explosives placed at the holes of the Buddha made by the previous attacks and rocket was launched destroying the statues completely.

Discoveries

Around 50 caves were discovered after the destruction of these two Buddha statues in Bamiyan. And various wall paintings were discovered which was stated that it was painted during the interval of 5th and 9th centuries.

The scientists also discovered the translation of the beginning section of the original Sanskrit PratÄ«tyasamutpāda Sutra . It was translated by Xuanzang, Chinese Buddhist pilgrim spelled out the belief of Buddhism . And most of all another reclining Buddha statue was discovered which 19 meter high posing Buddha’s Parinirvana Pose.

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Buddha statues in our catalog

Oude bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

Oude bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

2750 euro
Bronzen Nepalese Medicijnboeddha

Bronzen Nepalese Medicijnboeddha

200 euro
Hoge kwaliteit Nepalese Medicijnboeddha

Hoge kwaliteit Nepalese Medicijnboeddha

1450 euro
Antieke houten Birmese Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Birmese Mandalay Boeddha

400 euro
Antieke bronzen Birmese Lotus Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Birmese Lotus Boeddha

1100 euro
Antieke houten Shan Boeddha

Antieke houten Shan Boeddha

125 euro
Zeer bijzondere originele bronzen Bagan Boeddha

Zeer bijzondere originele bronzen Bagan Boeddha

Hoge kwaliteit Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

Hoge kwaliteit Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

1300 euro
Andesiet stenen Boeddhabeeld

Andesiet stenen Boeddhabeeld

1250 euro
Grote bijzondere Birmese Shan Boeddha

Grote bijzondere Birmese Shan Boeddha

15500 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

1250 euro
Oude bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

Oude bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

650 euro
Antiek Nepalees bronzen Boeddhabeeld

Antiek Nepalees bronzen Boeddhabeeld

2250 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

1750 euro
Antieke bronzen Birmese Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Birmese Boeddha

1250 euro
Groot oud teakhouten Boeddhabeeld

Groot oud teakhouten Boeddhabeeld

1400 euro
Oude Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

Oude Nepalese bronzen Boeddha

750 euro
Andesiet stenen Boeddhabeeld

Andesiet stenen Boeddhabeeld

950 euro
Bronzen Nepalees Boeddhabeeld

Bronzen Nepalees Boeddhabeeld

250 euro
Bijzondere grote 17e eeuwse Birmese Boeddha

Bijzondere grote 17e eeuwse Birmese Boeddha

29500 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

500 euro
Nieuw gemaakt stenen Boeddhabeeld

Nieuw gemaakt stenen Boeddhabeeld

400 euro
Oud houten Birmees Boeddhabeeld

Oud houten Birmees Boeddhabeeld

1450 euro
Antieke staande houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke staande houten Mandalay Boeddha

1350 euro
Hoge kwaliteit Granieten Boeddhabeeld

Hoge kwaliteit Granieten Boeddhabeeld

1750 euro
Oude bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

Oude bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

275 euro
Antieke bronzen Shan Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Shan Boeddha

750 euro
Speciale antieke Shan Boeddha

Speciale antieke Shan Boeddha

5500 euro
Bijzondere - vroege Birmese bronzen Arakan Boeddha

Bijzondere - vroege Birmese bronzen Arakan Boeddha

11000 euro
Antieke Birmese Shan Boeddha

Antieke Birmese Shan Boeddha

150 euro
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